The Corrèze

The Corrèze is one of the 3 departments that make up the Limousin region of France. Created after the French Revolution in 1790, it takes it name from the River Corrèze. The department is recognized by the number 19, and this is most noticeably observed on vehicle registration or "immatraculation" plates.

Over the years the department has had a turbulent history, and has bounced between French and British rule on many separate occasions. Once part of the Province of Aquitaine it was under British rule (after the marriage of Eleanor of Aquitaine to King Henry II of England in 1152) until their son Richard the Lionheart inherited the province. 1259 saw the return of the area to British rule by Saint Louis (Louis IX). The hundred year war saw the area back under French rule, however the Treaty of Bretigny in 1360 saw it once again in the hands of the British. However, the area was finally returned to France after the Battle of Castillon in 1453 under Charles VII.

The region is bordered by the Creuse, the Haute Vienne, Cantal, Puy-de-Dome, Lot and the Dordogne. The region is sub dived into 3 districts with Tulle being the capital and home of the Prefecture. Brive-le-Gallard and Ussell are the principle towns of the other districts and the sous-prefectures can also be found here.

The region has a population of 40 inhabitants per square kilometre. The inhabitants of the department are called Corréziens. Situated to the west of the Massif Central the Corrèze can be divided into 3 geographical regions.

The mountain of Mont Bessou (978m) with it's plateaus and basin around Brive.The limestone slopes of the Causse Corrèzian plateau, and the Gorges of the River Vézère. The southwest of the Corrèze, at Brive, enjoys the most favourable climate.

The Capital Tulle, is built on 7 hills on the banks of the River Tulle, and it's streets are steep climbs and descents. The town is host to an accordian festival the 3rd week in September every year and the Maugein factory welcomes visitors at all times of the year to see how these instruments are made. There is also a museum "La Musée des Armes Anciennes" dedicated to antique weapons.

The Corrèze is famous for its' apple growing and has over 500 producers. In total over 4000 hectares (10,000 acres) is devoted to apple orchards. Not surprisingly, the Corrèze is known for its' Cider







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